History and evolution of the social cooperatives in Italy. What happened in Trieste? Job placement strategies in social cooperation

Duration: 2 hours

For several years, Trieste has been a place of experimentation where best practices of innovative welfare have been developed. In this process, people at risk of marginalisation has become the centre of the dynamics of care, by supporting people in the labour market, in the housing necessities and in building their own social networks. This process started in 1972 when the social enterprise Cooperativa Lavoratori Uniti Franco Basaglia (CLU, the first of its kind in Europe), allowed the former internees of the hospital to regain their fundamental rights as workers. In 1991, a new law recognised and regulated social cooperative for their function of social inclusion.

Social cooperatives are based on the commitment of their members. In this scenario, healthcare services play a fundamental role in rethinking and organizing innovative opportunities in the labour market, supporting monetary income, and helping people to affirm a new social role for themselves and to build new social networks in the city. There are several ways in which social cooperatives cooperate with Mental Health institutions:

  • “Borsa Lavoro”, a grant that supports job tutoring for users of the Mental Health Service financed by the Healthcare system. People receives 350 euros to work 20 hours per week in a social cooperative, for a period of 6-18 months, with the goal of a stable contract.
  • State Benefits
  • Other types of internships